The Afghan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation on Tuesday said that up to 200 Afghan refugees are being sent back to Afghanistan from Turkey on daily basis.
Noor Rahman Akhlaqi, minister of Refugee and Repatriation said that the Taliban is the main source of displacement of the people and that tens of thousands of Afghans have left the country over the past 20 years because of the Taliban’s continued war.
“The more the scale of violence is increased, the scale of internal displacement is also increased, this directly raises the level of migration—but we never manage to get an exact figure about it—because these migrations are not regular migrations,” said Akhlaqi.
According to the Afghan government, there are about 6.6 million Afghan refugees living in various countries of the world today.
Of that figure, 200,000 Afghans live in Turkey, 474,000 in the US, 709,000 in European countries.
Most of the refugees, however, live in Pakistan and Iran. However, some of the refugees in Iran and Pakistan have not been identified so far.
Impact of war:
Ramesh Rajasingham, the UN's acting Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator, last week said that at least four Afghans out of ten suffer from hunger each day.
In a virtual meeting with representatives of various countries and international organizations, the UN official described the situation in Afghanistan as "concerning" and said that the war and the COVID-19 pandemic have caused half of the population to be in need of humanitarian assistance.
“Forty years of war and displacement, mixed with climate shocks and now COVID-19, have left almost half of Afghanistan’s population needing emergency aid,” said Rajasingham, who moderated the briefing.
According to UN statistics, since 2012, over five million Afghans have been displaced from their areas because of war and violence, and the majority of those displaced are still living in tents.
The UN deputy humanitarian chief said that the number of people in need has doubled from 9.4 million at the start of 2020 to 18.4 million in 2021 – of a population of 40.4 million. Four in 10 people are now going hungry, which means that almost 17 million people are in crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity through March 2021. And almost half of all children will be acutely malnourished this year.