The Red Army of the Soviet Union stormed into Afghanistan over four decades ago but failed to root itself in the country as it faced a strong and nationwide resistance by the Afghans.
On 6 Jadi, 1358 of the Solar Hijri calendar ( December 24, 1979), nearly 100,000 troops of the Red Army invaded Afghanistan.
Afghans believe the Soviet invasion had bad consequences for the country and that Afghanistan is still damaged by its results.
Afghans call the day of the Soviet invasion a “dark day."
Mullah Abdul Qayoum is a resident of Helmand who lost his leg while fighting against the Red Army.
“We defeated the Russian Army. When the civil war began, I stayed home and rejoined the battle when Mullah Mohammed Omar (founder of the Taliban) established a movement,” he said.
Some Afghans still have horrible memories of the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan.
“The Afghan education sector was severely damaged with the invasion of the Soviet Union. When I went to the prison, a lot of the prisoners were teachers and students of universities and instructors,” said Tajor Kakar, a former adviser to the Education Ministry.
The Islamic Emirate criticized the Soviet Union’s aggression toward Afghanistan that triggered four-decades of fighting in the country.
“The policy of the Islamic Emirate is to have good engagement in political and economic relations with all countries in the world,” said Bilal Karimi, deputy spokesman for the Islamic Emirate.