Former Afghan president Ashraf Ghani said that some professional military and intelligence officials as well as strong army units were given promises before the fall of Kabul that they would be evacuated, and their departure was one of the main reasons for the collapse of the Afghan military.
Ghani posted on Facebook a written statement of his conversation with Gen Sir Nick Carter, the UK's former Chief of the Defense Staff, from their talk on BBC on Thursday.
Ghani blamed the US for interfering in Afghan affairs.
“The evacuation plan was being conducted. All units fighting against the extremism in Khost, Jalalabad, Kandahar, Kabul and Kandahar were presented with an offer of evacuation,” he said. “Our generals were given promises. The officers of the National Directorate of Security, which was a vital institution, were evacuated.”
Ghani referred to the Doha agreement, which was signed between the US and the Islamic Emirate on February 29, 2020, saying that it was a uniliteral deal that isolated the Kabul administration.
Ghani said that convening a Loya Jirga (National Assembly) could possible give legitimacy to the Islamic Emirate.
He called on the Islamic Emirate leaders to refrain from taking forceful actions, warning that such actions will pave the way for a proxy war in Afghanistan.
“The Taliban should understand that they are repeating the mistakes of Communists and the Mujahedeen. Deprivation and reliance on force and killings will not bring any result. The Afghans want service and opportunities,” he said.
Political analysts were skeptical about Ghani's statements.
“There were weaknesses and injustices in Ghani’s administration. The personal relations were preferred over qualities (in appointments),” said Sadeq Shinwari, a military analyst.
“Unfortunately, Ghani lacked sympathy for the people of Afghanistan, including children and youth,” said Samad Karmand, a political analyst.
Ghani said that he left the country suddenly, citing the dangerous situation, but his first vice president, Amrullah Saleh, said the behavior of Hamdullah Mohib (national security council) and Fazal Mahmood Fazli (Ghani’s close aid) was not typical, suggesting that the ex-president and his staff were planning to flee the country.