More than 21,000 people were displaced from their homes after the Taliban launched an attack on Ghazni city two weeks ago, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said in a report released this week.
It also said OCHA would mobilize and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors.
OCHA stated that the situation in the city has “returned to how it was prior to the attack on 10 August”.
The report said:
• The residents move freely, and markets and shops have reopened. The rehabilitation of the markets damaged during the fighting has begun.
• Telecommunications networks, electricity and water supply are back to normal and government offices have reopened, according to reports from inside the city.
• The hospital is functioning but continues to be overstretched with treating trauma patients. Medical supplies are on standby in Kabul to be dispatched, if needed.
• Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) along the highway connecting Kabul with Ghazni have reportedly been removed by Afghan military forces and the road is open for civilian traffic.
• The safety and feasibility of landing humanitarian air assets in the city remains under assessment.
On the issue of humanitarian response, OCHA said the Afghan Red Crescent Society has provided food packages to 2,000 families who were affected by conflict or temporarily displaced and the World Food Program (WFP), via its partner CTG, has distributed food to more than 6,600 people.
The report also stated that demining teams, partners of the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS), have completed the search and clearance of unexploded ordnance (UXO) in 17 neighourhoods of the city and destroyed 58 pieces of UXO. A total of more than 2,300 residents, including children, have received mine risk education.
The Taliban launched an attack in the early hours of August 10 and captured parts of the city by Friday afternoon.
The city, which is just 180km southwest of Kabul, sustained serious damage in certain areas and many houses and shops were destroyed. The group’s siege on the city lasted for four days.