A number of Hindus and Sikhs in Jalalabad city, in Nangarhar province, claim that powerful figures have usurped their land.
They said this is the latest in a string of problems for them.
In addition to having their land grabbed, they said they are also struggling to ensure an education for their children.
"People grab our lands and there is no one to look after us and address our problems," said one local Sikh resident.
"In the past there were many of us in the province but now our numbers have decreased and our problems have increased. Government does also not keep its promises to us," said another Sikh.
Meanwhile Nangarhar provincial council has called on the respective institutions to provide these minority groups with decent living conditions in the province.
"No attention is paid to them but they are oppressed and government does not pay attention to them, nor consider them as Afghans but consider them as Hindus migrants - but they are Afghans. In the education sector separate schools are not built for their children so their children can learn and get access to higher education," said Humaira Rafi a provincial council member.
Meanwhile, Nangarhar local officials said they are trying to address the problems experienced by the Hindus and Sikhs in the province.
"Currently we are also helping them and paying salaries for their teachers in their areas and providing them with books, and providing them security for their special ceremonies and also helping them with cash in order to hold their ceremonies properly and I think at any time efforts have been made to help and aid our Hindu and Sikh brothers," said Attaullah Khogyani the governor's spokesman.
Afghan Hindu and Sikhs argue that central government needs to address their problems.
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