Not all civilian deaths in wartime are violations of the laws of war, but warring parties have an obligation to investigate possible war crimes, Human Rights Watch said in a statement.
The HRW said that it has investigated raids and found that many were based on faulty intelligence or false presumptions over the past 20 years.
“During the conflict, the US military often responded to queries about possible civilian losses that all those killed were insurgents. Rarely was information provided showing that serious investigations into incidents of civilian deaths were carried out. During night raids – such as the attack that killed L’s family – even less evidence was offered, especially if there was CIA involvement,” the state reads.
“One of the bad decisions made in Bonn was that the Afghan delegation give the US and NATO the authority of judgement. This means if they conduct night raids or commit any crime, it cannot be prosecuted,” said Janat Chakari, an analyst.
The family members of the victims of the night raids called for justice.
“We call on the international criminal court to investigate our problems and help us. The raid happened 12 years ago,” said Sadam, a relative of a victim.
“The people now want their rights, so that their rights could be provided to them. And we want our voice to be heard,” said Abdul Karim, a relative of the victim.
The Islamic Emirate welcomed the investigation into incidents with foreign troops in Afghanistan.
“Our country was under bombardment for 20 years. We welcome it if they investigate the brutalities and crimes of the invaders neutrally,” said Bilal Karimi, deputy spokesman for the Islamic Emirate.
Earlier, the Action on Armed Violence (AAOV) said that Britain has provided compensation to the families of 64 children who were killed during a military operation by this nation's army in Afghanistan.