In a recent report released by Transparency International, Afghanistan was ranked 150 in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) in 2022 out of 180 countries.
According to the report, Afghanistan has climbed 24 places compared to 2021 when the country was ranked 174 out of 180 countries.
Somalia was ranked as the most corrupt nation in the world.
The report states that countries with strong institutions and well-functioning democracies often find themselves at the top of the Index. Denmark stands in first place, and Finland and New Zealand tie for second spot.
"When their work is in the government, they do not pay bribes to do that work. Also, the personal use of government resources by government officials has decreased, as well as the appointment of relatives and friends,” said Maiwand Rohani, an expert in governance and anti-corruption.
"One of the main and essential reasons why corruption has decreased in Afghanistan is because, unlike the republic administration, low-ranking officials do not pay money to the upper-level government officials,” said Hamid Azizi, a political analyst.
Some Kabul residents meanwhile said that although corruption in government institutions has decreased compared to past years, there is still corruption in some government institutions.
"Compared to the past, corruption has decreased. There was a lot of corruption in the past. Although there used to be a lot of facilities, the number has since dropped. Now, there is no convenience, for instance, in the passport application procedure,” Kabul resident Abdul Hamid Karimi told TOLOnews.
“Hiring should not be based on personal connections; rather, it should be done on the basis of ability and capability,” said Sayed Adel Shah Baqiri, another resident of Kabul.
However, the Islamic Emirate calls the report of Transparency International on the issue of corruption in Afghanistan "unfair and unreliable."
"They judge from a distance, perhaps they depend on rumors, they don't research carefully and don't investigate the matter deeply, thus their figures and their calculations are not very credible,” said Zabiullah Mujahid, spokesman of the Islamic Emirate.