Reuters - Turkey's lira closed out its strongest week on record on Friday, spiking more than 50% with the support of billions of dollars of state-backed market interventions and a promise that the government would cover FX losses on certain deposits.
Turks did not sell dollars on Monday and Tuesday, according to official data that suggested they had played little role in the sharpest market gains. The state interventions, meanwhile, cost the central bank more than $8 billion this week, according to traders' calculations.
The currency gained for five straight days and touched mid-November levels; it stood at 10.7 versus the dollar at 1919 GMT.
The lira had plunged on Monday to an all-time low of 18.4 per dollar, after a months-long slide due to unorthodox interest rate cuts and fears of an inflationary spiral.
But late on Monday President Tayyip Erdogan unveiled a scheme in which the Treasury and central bank would reimburse losses on converted lira deposits against foreign currencies, sparking the currency's biggest intraday rally ever.
In an interview with broadcaster AHaber, Erdogan said Turks showed confidence in the local currency and lira deposits increased by 23.8 billion lira after the anti-dollarisation plan announcement.
But data from the BDDK banking watchdog showed that, after heavy accumulation of dollars last week, Turkish individual depositors held $163.7 billion of hard currencies on Tuesday - virtually unchanged from Monday and Friday, when the total was $163.8 billion.
Instead, the lira got a big boost from what traders and economists called backdoor dollar sales by state banks, supported by the central bank.
In the first three days of this week alone, the central bank's net foreign reserves dropped by $8.5 billion, according to the calculations of three bankers who spoke to Reuters. The drop totalled nearly $18 billion in December, they said.
"We suspect positioning and stealth intervention will continue to dominate the price action," said Win Thin, global head of currency strategy at Brown Brothers Harriman. "Even if the lira stabilizes, there are still strong inflationary impulses in the economy that will continue to erode the value of any local currency holdings."
After Reuters reported progress in talks over possible currency swap lines with Azerbaijan and the United Arab Emirates, Turkey's central bank governor, Sahap Kavcioglu, said the bank could sign two currency swap deals within two weeks.