A year has passed since President Ashraf Ghani and his political rival Abdullah Abdullah signed a power-sharing deal after months of political discord that critics and analysts believe could have pushed the country toward a new crisis if not resolved.
The political tension emerged as a consequence of the disputed presidential election of 2019. As a result, the two leaders, Ghani and Abdullah, held inauguration ceremonies on the same day in their adjacent respective palaces. Ghani was declared president by the Independent Election Commission after earning a slightly higher percentage than his rival Abdullah.
But after months of political stalemate, a political agreement was signed between Ghani and his political opponent Abdullah Abdullah that outlined the structure of a future government in which each side would have a 50 percent share.
Later on, Abdullah Abdullah was assigned to lead the High Council of National Reconciliation (HCNR).
But the HCNR on Tuesday said that many parts of the agreement weren’t implemented--only the establishment of the peace council and the appointment of cabinet members.
According to HCNR, the appointment of the ambassadors, the appointment of senators and the establishment of a high council of government were also key elements of the agreement that have not been implemented so far.
“During the past one year, except for the appointment of cabinet members and the creation of a high council of national reconciliation, other parts of the political agreement have not been implemented,” said Faraidon Khawzon, a spokesman for HCNR.
“Consensus includes both politicians and those outside politics because we have university lecturers there, media, youth and women, if these segments of the society aren't included, this will endanger the future of Afghanistan,” said MP Mirwais Yasini.
“Jamiat-e-Islami Afghanistan knew from the beginning that Mr. Ghani is not committed to any agreement,” said Abdul Fatah Ahmadzai, a spokesman of the Jamiat-e-Islami party (Salahuddin Rabbani faction).
Some excerpts from the agreement:
The five-page proposed agreement-- originally in Dari -- describes the government role given to Abdullah Abdullah and specifies his authorities and privileges and areas where his team will participate.
The two sides have agreed in principle on the plan, according to Abdullah and Ghani’s aides, but discussions are still underway about details. The agreement has been proposed by Abdullah's side to Ghani.
Based on the agreement, the High Council of Government will be established to ensure political consensus in the country. Political leaders and national figures will be members.
This council, according to the agreement, will consult with the president on important national matters.
Another aspect of the plan is the establishment of the High Council of National Reconciliation led by Abdullah Abdullah, from which he can issue executive orders. The council will have five deputies from the two teams.
The council members will be selected by the director in consultation with the president, political leaders, people from the two sides, speakers of the parliament houses and the civil society and elites, according to the agreement.
Based on the agreement, Abdullah will lead the peace process, the meetings of the reconciliation council, and he will appoint its members and employees, including the employees of the State Ministry for Peace Affairs.
The council itself has been given the authority to specify, approve and lead all affairs related to the peace process, the agreement says. The decisions and enactments at the council will be made by a majority of votes of its members.