TOLOnews’ findings show that in the first 100 days of the Islamic Emirate rule, in addition to minor incidents, seven big security incidents occurred in the country that caused 630 cases of death or injury.
The suicide attack outside of Kabul airport during the evacuation in August, suicide attacks on Shia mosques in Kunduz and Kandahar, and the attack on Sardar Mohammad Daud Hospital in Kabul were some of the major security incidents.
The attack on Kabul airport happened amid the evacuation of foreign nationals and their local partners. At the time, the airport was under the control of US soldiers. In that attack over 100 people including 13 US soldiers were killed and over 100 were injured. Daesh claimed responsibility for the attack.
“I heard a big sound and then did not understand what happened. The situation was very bad,” a person injured in the attack said.
Three days after the airport attack, a US drone targeted a house in Kabul in which 10 civilians, including seven children, were killed. US forces targeted a vehicle they believed to be carrying Daesh fighters, according to public statements, but later their findings showed all the victims were civilians.
“Children died here. Their flesh was thrown outside the house,” said Eimal, a victim's father.
On October 3rd, an explosion occurred outside Eid Gah Mosque in Kabul, killing and wounding several people. Later in the evening of the same day, the Islamic Emirate launched an operation in Kabul against a Daesh hideout and--according to officials--10 Daesh members were killed.
“Heavy and light weapons were used. The situation became extremely intense at 12 pm,” said Farid, an eyewitness.
Although the Islamic Emirate has said Daesh is not a serious threat in Afghanistan, the group has claimed responsibility for many of the attacks, including the attacks at the airport and the Kunduz and Kandahar mosques’ attacks, all of which had heavy casualties.
“They (Daesh) were taken down. They could not emerge as a threat in the way and shape they wanted to,” said Inamullah Smanagani, deputy spokesman of the Islamic Emirate.
Additionally, five Daesh suicide bombers attacked Sardar Mohammad Daud Hospital in Kabul in early November. Security forces responded to the attack. Four security members were killed in the clashes. The attackers were also killed.
“Bodies were seen here and there. It was a very bad situation,” said Bashir Karvani, an eyewitness of the incident.
Despite the security incidents, there have been achievements too. In response to complaints about harassment by some security members as well as extrajudicial killings, the Islamic Emirate established a reform commission.
Officials of the commission said that so far 650 force members have been dismissed for misusing the name of the Islamic Emirate, and some of them have been detained.
“From the establishment of the commission until yesterday, 665 people were kicked out of the Islamic Emirate forces. Some of them are in detention,” said Latifullah Hakimi, head of the reform commission.
A decrease in criminal activity and a decrease in kidnapping are other improvements people experienced in the past 100 days.
“In the last 45 years, this is the first time that there is a strong central government and no island of power exists in the country,” said Saeed Khosti, a spokesman for the Interior Ministry.
However, a number of regional and world countries have repeatedly voiced their concerns over instability and the presence of Daesh in Afghanistan.