The Ministry of Interior (MoI) on Sunday unveiled its four-year strategic plan that will boost reforms in the ministry and within the structures of the Afghan National Police (ANP).
Key measures in the plan include the fight against corruption, the need for professional training of Afghan police forces and systematic reforms in certain sectors.
“Combating corruption, reforms in the ministry of interior, the establishment of an effective system and better training of police are among key priorities of the four-year plan,” said the minister of interior, Wais Ahmad Barmak, at the launch of the plan on Sunday.
The new plan is expected to be rolled out from Kabul and Herat provinces and within four years, the plan will be extended to all provinces across Afghanistan.
Representatives of donor countries, the European Union (EU) and the UN, along with the Afghan police welcomed the move.
“As we all know corruption reduces Afghanistan’s abilities to fight its enemies and this fight specifically against corruption is most critical in all law enforcement agencies of the country,” said Richard Riley Assistant Chief of Mission of the US embassy.
“We have introduced the systems in the ministry of interior to determine that these systems can work in the future in a sense that the systems are never sabotaged when individuals come and go,” said Barmak.
The MoI has worked on the project for the past four months in a bid to map out the activities of the Afghan National Police (ANP) over the next four years.
“We have outlined the necessary guidelines to all our lower ranks which include the police commanders and police officers and all other personnel to guide them how to work,” added Barmak.
Meanwhile, the CEO Abdullah Abdullah said the Afghan police forces need to keep away from political affiliations.
“The issue that the a police member performs his duty, he (police) should perform his duty well and contribute to the election security, he should never try to interfere in the votes of the people,” said Abdullah.
Excerpts from the strategic plan:
- War against corruption
- Strengthening transparency, accountability and monitoring
- Undertaking the effective management of the human resources department regarding appointments, promotions based on merit
- Focusing on the support and functions including logistics, procurement, audit and finance
- Reviving the system of training police
- Developing the operational model of the national police
- The continuity of Afghanistan’s Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) and delivering on the national and international commitments which include of the participation of women; considering ethnic diversity in the ranks of the (ANP) and the MoI.
Reforms in the ANP:
The strategic plan illustrates that the level of public confidence in the Afghan police has significantly declined over the past decade despite police forces demonstrating dedication and sacrifices. Therefore, in the new plan, the MoI will undertake comprehensive measures to close this gap. However, the MoI argues that the relevant body will prefer to implement the reforms process gradually in 34 provinces of Afghanistan.
The new plan also categorizes some internal and external threats to Afghanistan’s national security and national interests.
The strategic plan states that the external threats towards Afghanistan include groups associated with extremism, coordinated crime, drugs, terrorism and certain neighboring countries which see Afghanistan as a threat to their national interests.
The plan adds that these groups and circles foresee their interests in destabilizing Afghanistan and try to fuel more chaos in the country.
According to the plan, armed opponents are one of the biggest threats to Afghanistan’s national interests.
These threats include:
- Lack of an effective rule of law
- Armed opponents
- Ideological threats
- Daesh threats
- Drug smuggling and narcotics
- Security of borders and Durand Line
- Cyber threats
- Natural threats
- Environmental threats
- Economic threats
- Impact of security situation on economic growth
- Reduction of international aid
The extent of Daesh Threats:
The strategic plan says that over the past few months, the threats emerging from Daesh have significantly increased - the main reason being that a number of terrorist groups announced their allegiance to the group. The plan says that Daesh affiliates are trying to take over the southern and eastern provinces in order to expand their influence towards central Asia and to fuel sectarian violence in the region.
Key areas of reforms in the MoI:
- Combating corruption, especially in the audit, intelligence and major crimes fighting department
- Improving the organizational structure and developing of coordination and cooperation within the MoI
- Strategic management system
- Providing awareness to personnel about policies, procedures of training and hiring
- Outlining the civilian police plan (the new role and functions of police and undertaking the process plan in Kabul and Herat provinces)
- Developing the training of police officers and appointments on the basis of merit
- Developing the educational level of trainers in the police academies
- Strengthening the human resource policies