Two years ago Tuesday, the then United States’ special envoy for Afghanistan reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad signed a peace deal with Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar on Hot 10 (solar calendar) in Doha, Qatar.
The deal, which is often referred to as the "Doha Agreement" set the stage for the withdrawal of foreign forces and the end of America’s longest war in Afghanistan.
What were the consequences of the agreement and how has it benefited Afghanistan?
Suhail Shaheen, the head of the Islamic Emirate’s political office in Doha called the agreement a milestone in Afghan history, saying some parts of the agreement have yet to be implemented. like removal of names from the blacklist.
In tweets regarding the agreement, Shaheen said the sanctions on Afghanistan, and the lack of recognition of the current government of Afghanistan, contradicts the spirit of the Doha Agreement.
Anas Haqqani, a senior member of the Islamic Emirate, stated that the agreement paved the way for the end of the war. “Afghanistan and the US are no longer military targets for each other.”
“It has been generally implemented, but parts of the agreement have not been, like the removal of Islamic Emirate officials from the blacklist and starting relations with the Islamic government, which has been established in Afghanistan. We are looking forward to such commitments,” said Zabihullah Mujahid, spokesman of the government.
Meanwhile, Afghan political experts said the agreement paved the way for the return of the Islamic Emirate to power.
“The Doha agreement signing is a painful date for the people of Afghanistan...it is a date that they can call their victory,” said Shukria Barakzai, a former Afghan diplomat.
A complete withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan, the beginning of Intra-Afghan negotiations, permanent ceasefire and the prevention of Afghan soil being used against the US and its allies were the key points of the agreement.
“I have always said that we will not agree on anything until we agree on everything,” said Zalmay Khalilzad on April 28, 2019.
However, the ceasefire has not occurred and intra-Afghan dialogue has failed.
“The Americans were seeking to leave Afghanistan in a way, they never thought about the Afghans and honor of Afghanistan, so they brought nothing except misery,” said Sayed Ishaq Gailani, the head of the National Solidarity Movement of Afghanistan.
In connection with the Doha Agreement, the Islamic Emirate issued a statement that Afghanistan is no longer a threat for any country across the globe, and foreign countries can open relations with Afghanistan.