Two years ago on this day, 15 August/ 24 Asad, the Republic government fell, and the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan took power.
Nimroz was the first province to fall into the hands of the forces of the Islamic Emirate nine days before the fall of Kabul, and within nine days after that, 32 other provinces of the nation came totally and peacefully under the control of the Islamic Emirate.
Former president Ashraf Ghani fled Afghanistan with his circle in the afternoon of 15 August, and thus the Islamic Emirate took power in Afghanistan for the second time.
Al-Jazeera TV aired video from the Arg (presidential palace) on the evening of Asad 24 where several Islamic Emirate members could be seen in Ashraf Ghani's office.
The Islamic Emirate's forces took control of all the border crossings with the neighboring countries in early Asad 1400 (solar calendar) in order to control the republic's ties with those nations.
Chaos erupted in Kabul as the Islamic Emirate arrived. Perhaps few people anticipated the fall of the republic and the establishment of the Emirate.
On the same day, the former chairman of the High Council for National Reconciliation, Abdullah Abdullah, appeared in a TV message and announced that former President Ashraf Ghani had left the country.
“The former president left Afghanistan,” he said.
“We are trying to talk with the leaders of the Taliban to solve the Afghanistan problems via peaceful, brotherly means,” said former Afghan President Hamid Karzai.
The Islamic Emirate's members arrived in the Arg that evening on Asad 24, and the flag of the previous government was taken down, as shown on Al Jazeera TV. In this TV broadcast, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, one of the Islamic Emirate's senior leaders at the time, assured the security and protection of people's lives and property.
"We came to a point where there was no expectation that Afghanistan would fall into our hands in this way,” said Mulla Abdul Ghani Baradar.
Islamic Emirate spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid held a press conference on the third day after the collapse and announced the general amnesty declared by the Islamic Emirate’s leader, Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada.
“This amnesty is aimed to prevent fighting,” he said.
Finally, the US ended its twenty-year military presence in Afghanistan on August 31, 2021, when Major General Chris Donahue, the last American soldier, left Afghanistan.
“US military flights have ended, and our troops have departed Afghanistan. A new chapter of America’s engagement with Afghanistan has begun. It’s one in which we will lead with our diplomacy,” US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said.
However, the conflict in Panjshir province—between the so-called resistance front and the Islamic Emirate forces—went on for more than twenty days. On September 6, 2021, the Islamic Emirate finally took control of this province, and the republican system, which had been established 20 years ago, was overthrown.
The 350,000-strong Afghan military fell apart, the system collapsed, and on September 7, 2021, the Islamic Emirate declared its interim cabinet.
Despite the Islamic Emirate's two-year anniversary, no nation has recognized it thus far, and it is uncertain what will happen to the Islamic Emirate's engagement with the world in the future.