On August 31, 2021, the last American soldier, Major General Chris Donahue, left Afghanistan.
22 years ago today, American soldiers and their allies invaded Afghanistan under the pretext of fighting terrorist organizations. On August 31, 2021, the final American forces member withdrew from Afghanistan following 20 years of occupation.
On September 11, 2001, the World Trade Center and Pentagon were attacked in the United States. The attack, according to American officials left nearly 3,000 people dead, and more than 2,500 others wounded.
In response, then US president George W. Bush ordered action.
“On my order, the United States military has begun strikes against al-Qaeda training camps and military installations of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan,” said George. W. Bush, the former US president.
"The worst human crimes took place in Afghanistan, as you mentioned, we witnessed the aimless bombings at celebrations, villages, and people's houses,” said Sayed Hashim Javad Balkhabi, a political analyst.
After the Taliban refused to turn over the leaders of Al-Qaeda to American forces on October 7, 2001, the American military launched an attack on the current Afghan government with the support of British soldiers.
Hamid Karzai was chosen as the interim president of Afghanistan on December 5, 2001, following the signing of the Bonn Agreement.
The number of foreign troops in Afghanistan increased and decreased over the past two decades.
Barack Obama ordered an increase in the number of US military personnel in Afghanistan in December 2009, and despite there already being 70,000 troops stationed there, an additional 35,000 US troops were sent.
Along with American troops, 50,000 troops from other countries also entered Afghanistan.
In 2011, US special forces shot and killed Osama Ben Laden in an operation in Abbottabad, Pakistan.
“The United States has conducted an operation that killed Osama bin Laden, the leader of al-Qaeda and a terrorist who is responsible for the murder of thousands of innocent men, women and children,” said Barak Obama, then US President.
In 2014 NATO officially ended its mission in Afghanistan and handed over security responsibility to the Afghan National Security and Defense Forces (ANSDF).
Between 2015 and 2018, Taliban attacks intensified again in Afghanistan.
Former US President Donald Trump appointed Afghan-born US veteran diplomat Zalmay Khalilzad to continue the peace negotiations with the Islamic Emirate’s Qatar-based political office.
After more than 10 rounds of negotiations, Khalilzad reached a peace deal on February 29th, 2020, in Doha, based on which all foreign forces were to leave Afghanistan by May 2021.
On April 14, 2021, US President Joe Biden set September 11, 2021, as the date for the departure of American soldiers from Afghanistan.
After the provinces began to collapse one after another, Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, the former president of Afghanistan, ultimately fled the nation on August 15, 2021, and the Islamic Emirate's soldiers, who had already seized control of most of the provinces, entered Kabul.
Finally, the twenty-year foreign military presence in Afghanistan came to an end on August 31, 2021, with the departure of the final American soldier.